Additive Manufacturing News
Additive Manufacturing Resources
April 29, 2014
Additive manufacturing (AM) can build objects on a variety of scales, from the very small to really big. It can speed up prototyping and can help bring new products to market more quickly. All of that is good news for manufacturing, but one of the areas that holds the biggest potential for future growth is merging of AM and printed electronics.
Most of the work of integrating AM and printed electronics has taken place in labs, but that may be changing. Designed by a group of Harvard graduate students, the Rabbit Proto is a new printing head that can be attached to RepRap systems to lay down circuitry. The project is open source and could spur further development fusing 3D printing and printed electronics.
From the website:
Rabbit Proto is a print head add-on that easily plugs into your 3D printer, enabling it to print complex conductive traces within your 3D design. The project source code, documentation, and example designs are open source and available on GitHub.
Essentially, what the Rabbit Proto does is print a layer of circuitry using a conductive material as ink. This requires replacing the usual extruder head you’d find on a RepRap with the Rabbit Proto head. Once the conductive material is in place, users can replace the extruder head and continue printing an object. The end result is a 3D printed object with internal circuitry.
The team behind the Rabbit Proto has worked on a number of concept pieces as proof of design. One of the simplest projects was a plastic puzzle that included printed circuitry and connecting pins. When the puzzle was correctly assembled the circuitry would align and a light would shine.
A more complex example of what can be accomplished was the design and build of a Super Nintendo inspired game controller. The team worked out the design of the controller in CAD, including space for buttons and circuitry. The digital design was then made real by a combination of standard material extrusion 3D printing and printed circuitry from the Rabbit Proto.
While having to swap out print heads may not be the easiest way to mix printed electronics and AM, it’s probably the least expensive. Assuming you already have a 3D printer, the Rabbit Proto is sold for $350. For those people who don’t want to mess around with swapping out heads, the Rabbit Proto dual extrusion head allows faster swapping between materials.
Below you’ll find a video about the design and build of the game controller.
Source: Rabbit Proto